Enemy Riders on Horseback in Ancient Egypt [Continued]

Ramesses II Battle Scenes

Ramesses II storming the Hittite fortress of Dapur~ links to a larger version
Ramesses II accompanied by his sons, storming the Hittite fortress of Dapur
[This Erman image from a Lepsius drawing 1 links to a larger image of the tableau.]


enemy on horseback in Dapur
closeup of rider

The iconography of the wounded horseback rider is similar to those on the Seti I battle tableau shown previously. The mounted Hittite soldier sits bareback on a leaping stallion within the jumble of soldiers, chariots, and horses. He faces backwards toward his victor, or perhaps his head turns limply due to the arrow in his back, yet he maintains his seat.

Battle of Kadesh

Ramesses II Ramses II charging at the Battle of Kadesh ~ links to a larger version
[This drawing links to a larger image of the tableau.]

enemy on horseback at Kadesh
closeup of the fleeing rider
[more details]

Breasted illustrated the left half of the Battle of Kadesh as shown on the Ramesseum walls at Karnak. The dark mass flowing down the right side of the scene represents the Orontes river into which the Hittites plunge to escape the onslaught of Ramesses II. Breasted details this closeup scene of the mounted horse fleeing in the Orontes river in another drawing.

The next article will show Egyptian riders who appear on the battle scenes. Those riders appear more fortunate than their enemy counterparts. It will also explore other evidence of horseback riding by citizens and soldiers in ancient Egypt.
horse head end marker

[v.1-2] Enemy riders [1 | 2 | prev]



  1. Erman, Adolf, Life in Ancient Egypt, Translated by H. M. Tirard. Originally published in London: Macmillan Company, 1894 — 1971 reprint by Dover. Erman took the image of Ramses II in battle from Lepsius.

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